Chikungunya Virus Net is the web resource for anyone interested in chikungunya. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an insect-borne virus, of the genus Alphavirus, that is spread by Aedes mosquitoes. Chikungunya infection causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. There have been recent breakouts of chikungunya in Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent. In recent decades mosquito vectors of chikungunya have spread to Europe and the Americas. In 2007, disease transmission was reported for the first time in Europe. There is no cure for the disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.
The objectives of Chikungunya Virus Net are to be the public and professional information resource for chikungunya and to serve as a network in the exchange of information and news related to chikungunya.
- Africa: 89 chikungunya cases reported in Pouytenga, Burkina Faso ... - Outbreak News Today
Sun, 01 Oct 2023 13:00 GMT
- An intercellular bridge for chikungunya virus transmission - Nature.com
Mon, 04 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- Chikungunya cases surge in Sept, 94 reported in Bhopal - Times of India
Mon, 02 Oct 2023 02:50 GMT
- Pune amongst top three districts to report conjunctivitis, chikungunya - Hindustan Times
Sat, 30 Sep 2023 17:40 GMT
- Antibodies found to be more potent during recovery than during acute chikungunya infection, Lancet study finds - The Tribune India
Sat, 02 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- In a 1st, scientists map how chikungunya affects Indians - Times of India
Sun, 10 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- 100 dengue cases in last 3 days, concern over chikungunya, too - Times of India
Sat, 30 Sep 2023 05:43 GMT
- Chikungunya in Senegal: Cases rise sharply in Kedougou region in ... - Outbreak News Today
Sun, 03 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- Paraguay reports an increase in dengue in eight health regions ... - Outbreak News Today
Sat, 23 Sep 2023 14:49 GMT
- LGUs told to ramp up sanitation drive to curb Chikungunya cases - Inquirer.net
Wed, 20 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- Karnataka continues to record most chikungunya cases nationally - Deccan Herald
Fri, 08 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- Climate change blamed for making mosquitoes GIANT and more ... - Daily Mail
Sun, 01 Oct 2023 18:01 GMT
- Dengue Fever: Do Aedes Mosquito Bite at Night? Here's The TRUTH - India.com
Sat, 30 Sep 2023 06:20 GMT
- Dengue, Chikungunya Cases Rise To 955 In Jharkhand - Swachh India NDTV
Thu, 07 Sep 2023 07:00 GMT
- BMC intensifies aedes mosquitoes detection programme, finds 900 spots a day - Hindustan Times
Sun, 01 Oct 2023 17:31 GMT
- PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Sudan: (NO) livestock, human, susp, RFI
Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:49:58 -0400
Rift Valley Fever -- Sudan
Doctors in Sudan's Northern State have reported 27 deaths and 68 [abortions] among livestock in the area of El Nafaab in Merowe locality and warn of the emergence of cases of Rift Valley fever [RVF] and chikungunya, similar to last year . They have appealed to the Ministry of Health and the state government to deal with the potential epidemic in a safe manner.
In a press statement on Sunday [5 Sep 2021], the Socialist Doctors Association reported that a resident of the state arrived
- Systemic and Ophthalmic Manifestations of Chikungunya Fever Fri, 29 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSIONS: Ocular involvement in chikungunya infection may occur at the time of systemic manifestations or it may occur as a delayed presentation many weeks after the fever. Treatment relies on a supportive therapy for systemic illness. Treatment of ocular manifestation depends on the type of manifestations and usually includes a combination of topical and oral steroids.
- Phylodynamics of dengue virus 2 in Nicaragua leading up to the 2019 epidemic reveals a role for lineage turnover Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
CONCLUSIONS: The timing of its emergence, along with a statistical signal of adaptive evolution and distinctive amino acid substitutions, the latest in the NS5 gene, suggest that this lineage may have increased fitness relative to the prior dominant DENV-2 strains. This may have contributed to the intensity of the 2019 DENV-2 epidemic, in addition to previously identified immunological factors associated with pre-existing Zika virus immunity.
- Epidemiological and genomic investigation of chikungunya virus in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, between 2015 and 2018 Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Since 2014, Brazil has experienced an unprecedented epidemic caused by chikungunya virus (CHIKV), with several waves of East-Central-South-African (ECSA) lineage transmission reported across the country. In 2018, Rio de Janeiro state, the third most populous state in Brazil, reported 41% of all chikungunya cases in the country. Here we use evolutionary and epidemiological analysis to estimate the timescale of CHIKV-ECSA-American lineage and its epidemiological patterns in Rio de Janeiro. We show...
- Ecological Niche Modeling of Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes: A Risk Map for Chikungunya and West Nile Viruses in Zambia Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
The circulation of both West Nile Virus (WNV) and Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) in humans and animals, coupled with a favorable tropical climate for mosquito proliferation in Zambia, call for the need for a better understanding of the ecological and epidemiological factors that govern their transmission dynamics in this region. This study aimed to examine the contribution of climatic variables to the distribution of Culex and Aedes mosquito species, which are potential vectors of CHIKV, WNV, and...
- The Innate Immune Response in DENV- and CHIKV-Infected Placentas and the Consequences for the Fetuses: A Minireview Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) are arthropod-borne viruses belonging to the Flaviviridae and Togaviridae families, respectively. Infection by both viruses can lead to a mild indistinct fever or even lead to more severe forms of the diseases, which are characterized by a generalized inflammatory state and multiorgan involvement. Infected mothers are considered a high-risk group due to their immunosuppressed state and the possibility of vertical transmission. Thereby, infection by...
- Immune Response to Chikungunya Virus: Sex as a Biological Variable and Implications for Natural Delivery via the Mosquito Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus with significant public health implications around the world. Climate change, as well as rapid urbanization, threatens to expand the population range of Aedes vector mosquitoes globally, increasing CHIKV cases worldwide in return. Epidemiological data suggests a sex-dependent response to CHIKV infection. In this review, we draw attention to the importance of studying sex as a biological variable by introducing epidemiological studies from...
- Longitudinal Study of Viral Diversity Associated with Mosquito Species Circulating in Cambodia Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) pose a significant global health threat and are primarily transmitted by mosquitoes. In Cambodia, there are currently 290 recorded mosquito species, with at least 17 of them considered potential vectors of arboviruses to humans. Effective surveillance of virome profiles in mosquitoes from Cambodia is vital, as it could help prevent and control arbovirus diseases in a country where epidemics occur frequently. The objective of this study was to identify and...
- Arboviral Risk Associated with Solid Organ and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Grafts: The Prophylactic Answers Proposed by the French High Council of Public Health in a National Context Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Diseases caused by arboviruses are on the increase worldwide. In addition to arthropod bites, most arboviruses can be transmitted via accessory routes. Products of human origin (labile blood products, solid organs, hematopoietic stem cells, tissues) present a risk of contamination for the recipient if the donation is made when the donor is viremic. Mainland France and its overseas territories are exposed to a complex array of imported and endemic arboviruses, which differ according to their...
- Loss of MXRA8 Delays Mammary Tumor Development and Impairs Metastasis Thu, 28 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Matrix-remodeling-associated protein 8 or MXRA8 is a transmembrane protein that can bind arthritogenic alpha viruses like the Chikungunya virus and provide viral entry into cells. MXRA8 can also interact with integrin β3 and thus possibly regulate cell-cell interactions and binding to the extracellular matrix. While MXRA8 has been associated with reduced survival in patients with colorectal and renal clear cell cancers, the role of MXRA8 in breast cancer remains largely unexplored. Therefore,...
- Study on Morphological Changes and Interference in the Development of Aedes aegypti Caused by Some Essential Oil Constituents Wed, 27 Sep 2023 06:00:00 -0400
Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika are arboviruses, transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, that cause high mortality and serious health consequences in human populations. Efforts to control Ae. aegypti are important for preventing outbreaks of these diseases. Essential oil constituents are known to exhibit many activities, such as their use as larvicides. Given their potential, the present study aimed to characterize the larvicidal effect of dihydrojasmone, p-cymene, carvacrol, thymol, farnesol...